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Par : ypanier
Publié : 27 mai 2013

Verbes irréguliers lus Join the team 3e

Voici la liste des verbes irréguliers à apprendre pour la 3e.
Pour les apprendre, il faut les manipuler. Comme toute leçon, pense à les recopier avec différentes couleurs (les plus difficiles, ceux que tu connais, par prononciation), à dessiner autour, à penser à ce que chaque verbe t’évoques. Tu dois les écouter au moins une fois pour apprendre leur prononciation en même temps. Et pourquoi les mettre sur un baladeur pour les écouter dans le bus, dans le lit ou sous la douche !

Liste 1 - Page 1

Base verbale Prétérit Participe passé Traduction
to bet bet bet parier
to set set set fixer
to let let let permettre, laisser
to cut cut cut couper
to shut shut shut fermer
to burst burst burst éclater
to hurt hurt hurt blesser
to put put put mettre
to read [ri:d] read [red] read [red] lire
to hit hit hit frapper
to knit knit knit tricoter
to spit spit spit cracher
to cost cost cost coûter
to cast cast cast lancer, jeter
to spread spread spread étaler

Liste 3 - Page 2

Base verbale Prétérit Participe passé Traduction
to build built built construire
to spill spilt spilt renverser
to spell spelt spelt épeler
to smell smelt smelt sentir
to spoil spoilt spoilt gâcher, gâter
to burn burnt burnt brûler
to learn learnt learnt apprendre
to feel felt felt sentir, éprouver
to kneel knelt knelt s’agenouiller
to leave left left laisser, quitter
to mean [i :] meant [e] meant [e] signifier
to dream dreamt dreamt rêver
to deal dealt dealt distribuer, négocier
to keep kept kept garder
to creep crept crept ramper
to sweep swept swept balayer
to sleep slept slept dormir
to meet met met (se) rencontrer
to send sent sent envoyer
to spend spent spent dépenser
to bend bent bent se pencher
to lend lent lent prêter
to sit sat sat être assis
to light lit lit allumer
to shoot shot shot tirer
to get got got obtenir
to lose lost lost perdre

Liste 4 - Page 2

Base verbale Prétérit Participe passé Traduction
to bring brought /ɔːt/ brought /ɔːt/ apporter
to buy bought /ɔːt/ bought /ɔːt/ acheter
to fight fought /ɔːt/ fought /ɔːt/ combattre
to think thought /ɔːt/ thought /ɔːt/ penser
to seek sought sought rechercher
to teach taught /ɔːt/ taught /ɔːt/ enseigner
to catch caught /ɔːt/ caught /ɔːt/ attraper

Liste 5 - Page 2

Base verbale Prétérit Participe passé Traduction
to find [ai] found found trouver
to bind bound bound lier
to have had had avoir
to hear heard heard entendre
to hold held held tenir
to make made made faire, fabriquer
to say said said dire
to pay paid paid payer
to lay laid laid dresser, disposer
to lie lay lain s’allonger
to sell sold sold vendre
to tell told told dire, raconter
to stand stood stood être debout
to understand understood understood comprendre
to win won won gagner
to bleed bled bled saigner
to feed fed fed nourrir
to lead led led mener, guider
to slide slid slid glisser

Liste 6 - Page 3

Verbes avec un prétérit en -o et un participe passé terminé par -en

Base verbale Prétérit Participe passé Traduction
to break broke broken casser
to wake woke woken (se) réveiller
to choose chose chosen choisir
to freeze froze frozen geler
to speak spoke spoken parler
to steal stole stolen voler, dérober
to swell swelled swollen enfler
to forget forgot forgotten oublier
to write wrote written écrire
to drive drove driven conduire
to ride rode ridden aller à vélo/ cheval
to rise rose risen se lever
to shine shone shone briller
to wear wore worn porter (des vêtements)
to tear tore torn déchirer
to bear bore born porter, supporter
to swear swore sworn jurer

Liste 7 - Page 3

Verbes dont le participe passé se termine par -en

Base verbale Prétérit Participe passé Traduction
to beat beat beaten battre
to bite bit bitten mordre
to hide hid hidden (se) cacher
to fall fell fallen tomber
to eat ate eaten manger
to give gave given donner
to forbid forbade forbidden interdire
to take took taken prendre
to mistake mistook mistaken confondre
to shake shook shaken trembler
to shave shaved shaven raser
to see saw seen voir
to do did done faire
to go went gone aller

Liste 8 - Page 3

Verbes avec un prétérit en -ew et un participe passé terminé par -wn

Base verbale Prétérit Participe passé Traduction
to blow blew /uː/ (=blue) blown souffler
to grow grew /uː/ grown grandir
to know knew /uː/ known savoir, connaître
to throw threw /uː/ thrown jeter
to show showed shown montrer
to fly flew /uː/ flown voler
to draw drew /uː/ drawn dessiner
to sew sewed sewn coudre

Liste 9 - Page 4

Verbes avec un prétérit en « a » ou « u »

Base verbale Prétérit Participe passé Traduction
to become became become devenir
to come came come venir
to begin began begun commencer
to run ran run courir
to drink drank drunk boire
to sink sank sunk couler
to ring rang rung sonner
to sing sang sung chanter
to spring sprang sprung jaillir, bondir
to swim swam swum nager
to sting stung stung piquer
to cling clung clung s’accrocher,
to swing swung swung balancer
to hang hung hung pendre, suspendre
to spin spun spun tournoyer
to dig dug dug creuser
to strike struck struck frapper
to stick stuck stuck coller

Liste 10 - Page 4

Verbes en plus en Join the Team 3e

Base verbale Prétérit Participe passé Traduction
to bear bore born porter, supporter
to bend bent bent se pencher
to bind bound bound lier
to cast cast cast lancer, jeter
to cling clung clung s’accrocher, s’agripper
to creep crept crept ramper
to deal dealt dealt distribuer, négocier
to dig dug dug creuser
to dream dreamt dreamt rêver
to forbid forbade forbidden interdire
to hang hung hung pendre, suspendre
to kneel knelt knelt s’agenouiller
to knit knit knit tricoter
to lay laid laid dresser, disposer
to lead led led mener, guider
to lend lent lent prêter
to let let let permettre, laisser
to lie lay lain s’étendre, s’allonger
to light lit lit allumer
to mistake mistook mistaken confondre
to spit spit spit cracher
to spoil spoilt spoilt gâcher, gâter
to spread spread spread étaler
to stick stuck stuck coller
to sting stung stung piquer
to strike struck struck frapper
to swear swore sworn jurer
to sweep swept swept balayer
to swell swelled swollen enfler
to swing swung swung balancer
to rise rose risen se lever
to seek sought sought rechercher
to sew sewed sewn coudre
to shave shaved shaven raser
to show showed shown montrer
to sink sank sunk couler
to slide slid slid glisser
to smell smelt smelt sentir
to spell spelt spelt épeler
to spill spilt spilt renverser
to spin spun spun tournoyer
to spring sprang sprung jaillir, bondir

Liste complète

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